Humayun’s Tomb – Historical Importance and Key Facts

Humayun’s Tomb

Humayun’s Tomb is an intriguing historical site in Delhi which is Built in the 15th century. This the perfect and First example of Mughal-style garden tomb in India. This is the The regal grave of Emperor Humayun. Before being transported to Humayun’s tomb, the body of the emperor was buried in two different locations. According to experts and sources, there are more than 100 graves within the entire complex and these are known as “Dormitory of the Mughals”.

We can see mixture of Persian and Indian traditions. Humayun’s Tomb is designed by a Persian architect, Mirak Mirza Ghiyath. The interior looks luxurious and well decorated with rich carpets, and a shamiana, a small tent above the cenotaph. The cenotaph contains copies of Qoran, Humayun’s sword, turban and shoes.

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Humayun’s Tomb is the first garden-tomb on the Indian subcontinent. This also holds the credit of first Indian building known as a classic specimen of the double-domed elevation and gets kiosks on a huge scale. Humayun’s Tomb covers almost 100,000 square feet and rises to almost 160 feet.

The dome exterior measures massive 225 feet in circumference. The finial at the top of Humayun’s Tomb is almost 20 feet tall. This weighs close to 300 kilogrammes of copper and 10 kilogrammes of gold. The concept of eight side chambers of Humayun’s Tomb symbolizes the Islamic concept of paradise.

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Humayun's Tomb

Humayun’s Tomb is made from beautiful and distinctive combination of red sandstone and white marble. This is Built with strong rubble masonry and red sandstone. There is also white marble as a cladding material for the flooring, lattice screens, door frames, eaves and the main dome. 

Humayun’s Tomb is overall highly geometrical. There are four squares, paved by walkways and two central water channels which reflect the four rivers that flow in jannat, the Islamic concept of paradise. According to sources, Humayun’s Tomb took eight years to complete and Rs 1.5 million to build.

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Humayun’s Tomb surrounded by special adjacent rooms as the tombs of two of Humayun’s begums and the later Mughals. The Tomb is crowned with a white dome which measures high as 42.5 meters. One of the surprising fact is that the Humayun Tomb was built by a wife, Hamida Banu Begam, for her husband.

Humayun’s final resting place – Humayun’s Tomb was completed in the early 1570s. This is declared as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1993. Another yet known fact about the tomb is that, Humayun’s tomb’s architecture was the model for Taj Mahal, which was built a century later. 

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When to Visit and How to Reach the Humayun’s Tomb ?

  • Opening Times: 7am to 7pm, daily
  • Best Time to Visit: Before Sunset
  • Duration: 1 to 2 hours
  • Travelled By: Metro (JLN Stadium)
  • Cost: Indian/foreigner Rs 10/250
  • Address: Mathura Road, Nizamuddin, New Delhi, Delhi, India
  • Type: Monument

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