Top 10 Famous Mosques in Hyderabad
Hyderabad has a large number of famous and beautiful mosques. Among these, many of the mosques were built during the reign of the Qutub Shahis and the Nizams. The Makkah Masjid is one of the well known and largest mosques in India. The list also includes Khairtabad Mosque, Koh-e-qaim, Mian Mishk Masjid, Toli Masjid, Charminar and Spanish Mosque.
1. Mecca Masjid
Mecca Masjid is one of the largest and oldest mosque in India, which is situated in Hyderabad, India. It is really situated towards the south-west of Charminar, at a distance of about 150 meters. The construction of the mosque was started in 1614 by Sulthan Muhammad Kuthab Shah and was Aurangzeb completed in 1693. The mosque has a length of 225 feet and is 180 feet wide with a height of 75 feet. The roof is rested on 15 arches. Mecca Masjid is built in granite and the bricks for construction were brought from Mecca, the holy city in Saudi Arabia.
Mecca Masjid has the capacity to accommodate over 10,000 worshipers at the same time. This famous mosque is one of the spot that comes in the Heritage list. The arched gallery displays the tombs of all the Nizam’s from the year 1803. Visitors coming to Charminar also visit the holy mosque, which lends a divine aura to the Muslim worshippers in the old city of Hyderabad.
2. Jama Masjid
Jama Masjid is one of the oldest and famous mosque in Hyderabad, which is located a few meters away from Charminar. This mosque was build by Qutub Shahi Muhammad Quli Qutub Shah in AD 1597, who is the builder of the famous monument in Hyderabad Charminar.
The Indo Islamic-Qutub Shahi style of architecture makes Jama Masjid a beautiful landmark that attracts devotees and tourists. This mosque is the center of the Dawah program (outreach program that aims to spread Islam) that is conducted within Andhra Pradesh state periodically.
3. Toli Masjid
Toli Masjid is one of the oldest mosque in Hyderabad. It is 2 km from the Golconda fort on the way to Charminar. Toli Masjid is also known as Damri Masjid which is about 300 years old. This mosque is often called as the Damri Masjid because there is a story behind this. The architect who designed this mosque was paid in ‘Damri’- a currency used during the Mughal era. Owing to this fact this mosque get that name.
This was built around the 1670s by the royal architect Musa Khan during the reign of Sultan Abdullah. The Archaeological Survey of India has declared Toli Masjid as a heritage site and the monument is INTACH awarded. oli Masjid stands on a raised platform having a high plinth and is divided into two halls. The outer hall has five-arched openings. The central one among the five is is a little wider and is richly ornamented. In the prayer hall there is an inscription.
4. Begumpet Mosque
Begumpet mosque is one of the most beautiful and unusual mosques in India. It is located in the dewdi of Iqbal-ud-Dowla Sir Vicar-ul Umra, in Begumpet, Secunderabad, Hyderabad. The mosque is known by different names – Mosque of the Moors, Masjid Iqbal Ud Daula, Aiwan-E-Begumpet and Spanish Mosque. This iconic 110-year-old Spanish mosque is located within the Paigah Palace Begumpet, Hyderabad.
It is popularly known as the ‘Spanish Mosque,’ the building is believed to have been constructed under the orders of Vikar-ul-Umra, Iqbal ud Dowla in 1906. This mosque was originally a part of the seven palaces of Begumpet also had an imposing arch and wooden gate. The mosque got its unique style, visit to Europe by Sir Vikhar-ul-Umra Iqbal-ud-Dowla. He commissioned the mosque inspired by the mosques in Spain, thus the Spanish-Moorish influence. This mosque has the capacity to accommodate over 3,000 worshipers at the same time.
5. Hayath Bakshi Mosque
Hayath Bakshi Mosque is also known as Hayath Bakshi Begum mosque. It is located in Hayathnagar, near Hyderabad, India. This mosque is named after one of the most powerful women from medieval Deccan era. This biggest and grandest masjid is the tomb of Hayat Bakshi Begum.It was built around the 1672s by the royal architect Musa Khan during the reign of Sultan Abdullah. It was popularly known as the great masjid of the Golkonda tombs.
This mosque is a beautiful example of Qutab Shahi architecture. It is set in a sprawling compound surrounded by an arcaded sarai with more than 130 rooms for travellers to rest in. There is a huge step well in the north-east of the mosque. It is called Hathi Baoli which is for travelers and animal to use. Hayath Bakshi Begum is the daughter of Muhammed Quli Quatab Shah, wife of Sulthan Muhammed Qutab Shah and mother of Abdullah Qutab Shah. This complex was a thanks giving to the deliverance of her son, Abdulla Qutub Shah.
6. Premamati’s Mosque
Premamati’s Mosque is a deserted mosque on a hillock overlooking the Taramati Baradari on the way to Gandipet. It is situated on the road from Golconda to the Himayat Sagar Lake in Hyderabad. It is built on a hillock, about 150 feet high. It is the mosque associated with Pema or Premamati. Premamati was one of the favorite courtesans of Abdullah Qutub Shah, the Seventh Qutub Shah. This mosque was built around A.D 1625.
The mosque is built over a square platform 143 feet long on each side and is supported by twelve arches. There is a double prayer hall in it. The mosque has a facade of five arches without any minarets. The roof is topped off by 10 flat domes.
7. Miyan Mishk ki Masjid
Miyan Mishk ki Masjid was located in Hyderabad, India. It was built between the years 1674–1681. It is located Mustaidpura across from Purana Pul. Purana Pul is the first bridge in Hyderabad, which is built over the river Musi. This mosque was built by Malik Miyan Mishk, an Abyssinian slave of Abul Hasan Tana Shah. He was the the commander of Carnatic forces of Abul Hasan Tana. It is a fine example of Qutab Shahi style.
This mosque has a garam hamam, which offers a hot bath, complying with the Islamic principle of hygiene and purification. It is in the form of a double verandah (27 feet by 28 feet, four inches) and a mihrab (niche), eight feet deep. The mosque stands at the end of a large courtyard lined with chambers which used to provide accommodation for travellers. The front of the mosque has three arches each seven feet wide.
8. Qutb Shahi Masjid at Uppal Kalan
Qutb Shahi Masjid is one of the prominent mosque of the Qutab Shahi period. It was built by Abdullah Qutb Shah in the 1660’s. It is located in the Uppal area of Hyderabad city on the highway to Warangal which was built during reign of Abdulla Qutb Shah. It is an impressive mosque with 3 arches in the facade. The sloping stone chajja over the arches is supported by hefty stone shaped in bracket.
The mosque is used regularly by locals for offering Namaaz everyday and during special occasions like Eid and other Islamic festivals, thousands of faithful throng this mosque for special prayers.
9. Kulsum Begum ki Masjid
Kulsum Begum ki Masjid is located in Kulsumpura, Hyderabad on the road leading from Golconda Fort to Purana Pul. This mosque is regionally referred as Badi Masjid. It lies in the center of a big compound entered through a domed gateway. The front of the mosque has 3 arch openings. The two minarets flanking the facade are heavily decorated in stucco.
Kunwar Kulsum Begum is a member of the Salar Jung Royal family of Hyderabad. There is no inscription dating the mosque, though the lady after whom it is named flourished during the time of Abdullah Qutb Shah.
10. Abd al-Rahim Khan ki Masjid
Abd al-Rahim Khan ki Masjid is located nearest to Toli Masjid. It was built in 1643 the Qutab Shahi period. It was also known as Nirkhi Masjid. It is because Nirkhis are the regular visitors to this mosque.
This mosque is situates on a small terrace. The facade of the mosque has three arched openings. There is 27 by 18 feet prayer hall. There are two minarets flanking the facade. There is a well in the opposite of the paved courtyard.