### Top 10 Greatest Mathematicians in the World

### 1. Leonhard Euler

Leonhard Euler is one of the well known Mathematicians in the World. He born on 15 April 1707 at Switzerland and died on 18 September 1783 at the age of 76. He was interested in Mathematics and physics. Leonhard Euler ) well known as a Swiss mathematician. His son is mathematician Johann Euler.

He is also known as physicist,astronomer, logician and engineer. The main fields he has discoveries includes infinitesimal calculus and graph theory. The modern mathematical terminology, mathematical analysis and notion of a mathematical function introduced by him. He said to be an eminent mathematicians of the 18th century. Total collected works of collected works of him fill 60 to 80 quarto volumes.

### 2. Carl Friedrich Gauss

Carl Friedrich Gauss born on 30 April 1777 and died on 23 February 1855 (aged 77). He received Lalande Prize (1810) and Copley Medal (1838). He said to be the foremost of mathematicians. He was equally bright in mathematics and science. He made his first mathematical discoveries while still a teenager. When he was 21, he completed Disquisitiones Arithmeticae, his magnum opus. He choose mathematics as a career. Gauss proved the fundamental theorem of algebra and made important contributions to number theory with his 1801 book Disquisitiones Arithmeticae.

### 3. G. F. Bernhard Riemann

Georg Friedrich Bernhard Riemann born on September 17, 1826 and died at July 20, 1866 (aged 39). This German mathematician also works in the field of physics. From early years, Riemann exhibited exceptional mathematical skills and able to perform complicated mathematical operations. During 1846 he joined (father send him) renowned University of Göttingen to get a degree in Theology.

Later with permission of father he transferred to the University of Berlin and started lectures. Then he became head pf the mathematics department at Göttingen. Riemann’s published works and theories of Riemannian geometry, algebraic geometry, and complex manifold theory.

### 4. Euclid

Euclid was a well known Greek mathematician who is also called **Euclid of Alexandria. **This scientist referred to as the “Father of Geometry. He born on Mid-4th century BC and died on Mid-3rd century BC. He is well known for Euclidean geometry, Euclid’s Elements and Euclidean algorithm. Elements is the most influential works of Euclid in the history of mathematics.

### 5. René Descartes

René Descartes born on 31 March 1596 and died on 11 February 1650 when he was aged 53. This French scientist lived at 17th-century philosophy era. His notable ideas includes Cogito ergo sum, method of doubt, method of normals, Cartesian coordinate system, Cartesian dualism, ontological argument for the existence of God, mathesis universalis, folium of Descartes etc.

He formulated analytical geometry and applied mathematical method to philosophy. He joined Leiden University to study mathematics. He published many works concerning both mathematics and philosophy.

### 6. Alan Turing

Alan Turing was a British pioneering mathematician and a computer scientist. He is also known as logician, cryptanalyst and theoretical biologist. He born on 23 June 1912 at England and died on 7 June 1954 (aged 41). His thesis Systems of Logic based on Ordinals is so popular. He is well known for Crypt analysis of the Enigma, Turing machine and Turing test.

### 7. Leonardo Pisano Blgollo

Leonardo Pisano Blgollo also known as Leonardo Bonacci, Fibonacci, Leonardo of Pisa and also as Leonardo Fibonacci. He is a well known Italian mathematician and said to be the most talented Western mathematician of the Middle Ages. He is well known for Liber Abaci – popularizing the Hindu–Arabic numeral system to the Western World. He is said to be born on 1170–75 and died around 1240–50 most likely in Pisa.

The Liber Abaci contains the earliest known description of sequences which had been noted by Indian mathematicians as early as the sixth century. He also became a guest of Emperor Frederick II who loved mathematics and science. Other mathematical concepts named in relation to Fibonacci numbers are Brahmagupta–Fibonacci identity, the Fibonacci search technique, and the Pisano period.

### 8. Isaac Newton

Sir Isaac Newton was one of the Great Scientists in the World History. He born on 25th December 1642 and died on 20 March 1726. He was a well known English physicist and mathematician. The famous Scientist is so popular as one of the most influential scientists of all time in the history.

“Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy” is a famous book by him. He also had some remarkable contributions to optics. He was an expert in the field of physics, natural philosophy, mathematics, astronomy, alchemy, economics and christian theology. He is well known for calculus, Optics, Binomial series, universal gravitation, Newtonian mechanics etc.

### 9. Andrew Wiles

Andrew John Wiles born on 11 April 1953 at Cambridge, England. He gained bachelor’s degree in mathematics from Merton College, Oxford, and a PhD from Clare College, Cambridge. He awarded a number of major prizes in mathematics and also in science.

This British Mathematician is well known for his thesis Reciprocity Laws and the Conjecture of Birch and Swinnerton-Dyer. He is well known for Proving the Taniyama–Shimura Conjecture for semi stable elliptic curves, thereby proving Fermat’s Last Theorem and he also known for Proving the main conjecture of Iwasawa theory.

### 10. Pythagoras of Samos

Pythagoras of Samos born on 570 BC and died on 495 BC when he was aged around 75.He lived in the era of Ancient philosophy and he was well known for Pythagoreanism. List of his intrests includes Metaphysics, Music, Mathematics, Ethics and Politics. Notable ideas by him are Musica universalis, Pythagorean tuning and Pythagorean theorem.

This great mathematician developed The** Pythagorean theorem**. This states** **the sum of the areas of the two squares on the legs (*a* and *b*) equals the area of the square on the hypotenuse(c). There is no evidence that he worked on any mathematical or meta-mathematical problems. **Pythagoreans** are who were the first to take up mathematics, not only advanced this subject, but saturated with this.