Top 10 Most Common Diseases in Children
As a parent, you have to ensure best possible care to prevent infections and diseases to your children. Children doesn’t have much immunity as adults. So most of them can easily suffer from various communicable diseases. There are number of childhood diseases and most of them can be prevented. Some illness are serious and some are not serious. Here we are introducing an article about top 10 most common diseases in children. Our list covers the important details of these diseases. Read carefully.
1. Mouth Ulcers
The Mouth Ulcers commonly look like round, white sores on the surface of her gums, tongue or on the inner lining of your child’s mouth. It can take place because of low vitamin levels, stress and a physical injury. It can sometimes be caused by coeliac disease or inflammatory bowel disease. There is no need to treat a simple mouth ulcers. If you want, can try applying an anaesthetic mouth gel on the affected area or try warm, salt water rinses.
2. Glue Ear
The Glue Ear is considered as a group of inflammatory diseases of the middle ear, which has a medical term called Otitis media. Some hearing loss in one or both ears is the main symptoms of this disease. Generally, in many cases treatment is not required, because, the condition will improve by itself, usually within three months. You can consult the doctor only if the symptoms last longer than three months.
3. Cerebral Palsy (CP)
The Cerebral Palsy is a disorder, which is caused by brain damage that happens before or during a baby’s birth, or during the first 3 to 5 years of a child’s life. This disease is attributed to a lack of oxygen in the brain. This illness affects muscle tone, movement and motor skills of the child. This disease may lead to other health issues such as hearing, vision, speech problems and learning disabilities. There are three kinds of CP such as spastic, athetoid and ataxic cerebral palsy.
The Catarrh is a very common problem and easily recognized. This will affects the back of the nose, the sinuses or the throat. In many cases this illness is often temporary. Constant need to clear your throat, reduced sense of smell and taste, persistent cough, blocked or stuffy nose that you can’t clear, feeling that your throat is blocked, occasionally mild hearing loss, headache or facial pain etc. are its main symptoms. The child can not eat food well. He/ she will experience continuing nasal congestion, a running nose and vomit.
5. Kawasaki Disease
The Kawasaki is a disease, which involves the mouth, skin and lymph nodes. High fever, swollen hands, bloodshot eyes, swollen lymph glands, rash and soles of the feet etc. are the symptoms of this illness. It generally affects the kids under age 5. It causes inflammation in veins, arteries and capillaries. This is the most common cause of heart disease in children. This disease does not spread from child to child.
6. Scarlet fever
The Scarlet fever or scarlatina is known as a bacterial illness, which is caused by an infection with group A streptococcus bacteria (usually strep throat). This bacteria create toxin, or poison. This poison will cause a bright red rash on the body. This rash begins on the torso and stomach, then spreads across the entire body. This is an infection that can develop in people who have strep throat. It mainly affects children between 5 to 15 years.
The Impetigo is considered as a bacterial skin infection, which is one of the most common skin infections in children. This disease is causes red sores that can break open, ooze fluid, and develop a yellow-brown crust. It commonly affects preschool and school-age children. It can spread from one person to another. Non-bullous (crusted) and bullous (large blisters) are the two types of impetigo.
The Croup is a viral infection, which will affect the windpipe (trachea), the airways to the lungs (the bronchi) and the voice box (larynx) of the child. It mainly affects mostly younger children (under 5-6). Cough and similar to the barking sound of a seal. This is the most common symptom of this disease. It commonly affects kids between 6 months to 3 years old. But in some cases the older kids can get it. Viral croup and spasmodic croup are two kinds of croup.
9. Hand, foot and mouth disease
The Hand, foot and mouth disease or HFMD is an illness caused by a virus called enterovirus. This is a highly contagious infection. A rash or blisters on the legs, feet, buttocks, hands and ulcers, or sores, inside or around the mouth etc. are its symptoms. This disease commonly affects the children under age of 10 years. It can affect people of all ages.
10. Fifth disease
The Fifth disease or erythema infectiosum is regarded as just a viral illness caused by parvovirus B19. It leads to a red rash on the face that seems to be a slap mark. This rash spreads to the trunk, arms, and legs. This illness can be spread from one person to another through secretions or droplets. This disease affects the children between the ages of 5 to 15 years.