What is NTSC AND PAL STANDARD – Details About Different Video Standards

What is NTSC AND PAL STANDARD – Details About Different Video Standards

What is NTSC and PAL? Most of them are unaware about the correct answer for this question. Here is the answer and full Details About Different Video Standards in world. VHS video format is the same throughout the World. But the video standard or electronic signal that is recorded is different from country to country. NTSC AND PAL are two television display systems in commercial use. This is also said as two most common video standards used world wide.  

NTSC AND PAL STANDARD

PAL (Phase Alternation by Line)

PAL is common in Europe and parts of Asia. This delivers a frame rate of 25 fps (frames per second) with 625 lines. Most of the PAL DVD players output NTSC, and MOST PAL TVs will display NTSC with no problems. PAL can be decoded with two NTSC decoders. PAL supports SMPTE 498.3. PAL television broadcasts have 625 lines of resolution which assures better picture quality and resolution.

Features of PAL

Video Bandwidth 5.0 MHz
Sound Carrier 5.5 MHz
Bandwidth 7 to 8 MHz
Vertical Frequency 50 Hz
Horizontal Frequency 15.625 kHz
Color Subcarrier Frequency 4.433618 MHz
Lines/Field 625/50

List of Countries Using PAL Standard

  • Afghanistan & Algeria
  • Argentina (N) & Austria
  • Australia & Bangladesh
  • Belgium & Brazil (M)
  • China & Denmark
  • Finland & Germany
  • Hong Kong & Iceland
  • India, Indonesia, Iraq & Ireland
  • Israel, Italy, Jordan & Kenya
  • Kuwait & Liberia
  • Malaysia & Netherlands
  • Nigeria & Norway
  • New Guinea & Pakistan
  • Singapore & South Africa
  • South W. Africa & Sudan
  • Sweden & Switzerland
  • Thailand & Turkey
  • Uganda & United Kingdom
  • United Arab Emirates & Yugoslavia
  • Zambia

NTSC (National Television System Committee)

NTSC is commonly used in the U.S and Canada. This delivers a frame rate of 30 fps using 525 lines. Many of the European decks are “multi-scan” and can read NTSC. Also 95% of the world’s DVD players can read NTSC. NTSC is compliant with EBU Recommendation 14.

Features of NTSC 

Video Bandwidth 4.2 MHz
Sound Carrier 4.5 MHz
Bandwidth 6 MHz
Vertical Frequency 60 Hz
Horizontal Frequency 15.734 kHz
Color Subcarrier Frequency 3.579545 MHz
Lines/Field 525/60

List of Countries Using NTSC Standard

  • Canada, Chile & Costa Rica
  • Cuba, Dominican Republic & Ecuador
  • Japan, Mexico & Nicaragua
  • Panama, Peru & Philippines
  • Puerto Rico & South Korea
  • Taiwan & U.S.A.

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