Top 5 Famous Temples in India
India gives a rich specimen to temples with architecture and religious values. The sculptured images in temples are representing divinity to Hinduism. In India temples are classified into two categories mainly Nagara(North Indian) and Dravida(South Indian) styles. The most exuberant temples of India are being enlisted below-
1. Thanjavur Temple
Brihadeeswarar temple located at Thanjavur in Tamil Nadu is specially depicted to Lord Shiva built by Chola king Raja Raja 1. The temple is also called Rajarajesvaram or Peruvudaiyar Kovil. It has been designated as World Heritage Monument by UNESCO. The wall is mostly sculptured with lord Shiva’s dancing ,Bikshatanamurthi ,Harihara and Ardhanarishvara. Besides this, it also consists treasury, library, museum within the courtyard. Basically the temple is carved with beautiful sculptures of Lord Shiva and wife Parvathi, Shiva protecting Markandeya.
This temple is 8.7 m (29 ft) high, occupying two storeys of the sanctum. The ground floor level sanctum walls have the different sculptures such as Lingodbhava, Bhikshatana, Ardhanarishvara, etc. In the second floor Shiva’s Tripurantaka form in different postures is depicted.
2. Konark Sun Temple
Konark sun temple is also known as Black Pagoda situated at Konark in Orissa. It was established in the 13 th century built by King Narsimhadeva. It was designed by thinking of sun God in the shape of colossal chariot having seven horses with 24 wheels carrying sun God. Depicted with Kalinga architecture. It also consists of Goddesses Mayadevi wife (Temple No 2) of god Surya to the west and Vaishnava(Temple No 3) facing south west Balrama and two parsvadevtas Varsha and Trivikrama . It’s vast sculpted structures has made it immensely more unique feature.
3. Somnath Temple
Somnath temple is situated to 79 kms from Junagadh Gujarat . Somnath ideologically means ‘The Protector of Moon God’. It is a Hindu temple and is an ideal place for devotees. It is also termed as Deo Pattan, Prabhas Pattan or Somnath Pattam. It is well known for Jyotirlingas. Somnath is a holy place for Adi Jyotirling shree somnath Mahadev. It is situated in the banks of Arabian sea. The temple mainly consists idol of Somnath.
4. Sanchi Stupas
Sanchi Stupas is situated in Raisen district of Madhya pradesh. UNESCO has declared it as one of the heritage sites of World. It consists of Buddhist architecture and relics of Buddha. It is an ornamated portrait showing incidents of Lord Buddha. It consists of Ashoka pillar comprising of four lions. Lotus in Stupa depicts the rise of people from materialism to reality and spirituality of life.
5. Golden Temple
Golden temple is also known Harmandir Sahib situated in Amritsar, Punjab. It is Sikh temple with religious sacredness. It’s most complex place is Hari Mandir or Darbar Sahib embedded with golden structures , marble walls and precious stones arranged in Islamic style floral patterns. Guru Arjan Sahib Fifth Nanak has has designed the temple. The temple signifies humility and egaliatrism. Sri Guru Granth Sahib (holy book of Sikhs) is worshipped holy scripture. Besides the temple surrounds Amrit Sarovar ,pool of nectar. Vaishakhi is the festival celebrated in Golden temple. Various other occasions like birth of Guru Nanak dev Ji is also celebrated. Diwali is also celebrated.Every Sikh people reach at this temple once in their lifetime mostly marriages, birthdays, childbirth.