Artificial Eye – Ocular Prosthesis or Glass eye: India
An artificial eye means by replacing the natural eyes and fitting a new one, because if when the eye become lost due to injury or disease. The modern artificial eyes are made with arcylic plastic. They are comfortable to wear and easy to handle and durable. Appreciating care is an important part of wearing artificial eye.
Every artificial eye is an individual made product. Its color, shape and size is made to suit the need of every patient. Artificial eyes are usually made from a special form of glass that is cryolite glass that is highly bio-compatible which does not make any chemical additives.
Some prosthetic eye’s made by synthetic material rather than glass. These prosthetic eyes can be repolished and it leads longer life. The synthetic are water resistant.There is still no artificial eye that can restore sight. It can provide more natural appearance.
Materials needed to built Artificial eye
- The main material is Plastic
- Wax and plaster of paris are used to make the molds
- Alginate a white powder which is used for making molds.
- Paints and other decorating materials
Steps to make artificial eye
- Clear Conformer
- Alginate Impression
- Cast of Impression
- Iris Painting
- Lathe Cutting
- White Blank
- Positioning Iris
- Attaching Iris
- Preparing for Veining
- Completed Veining
- Final Adjustments
- Completed Prosthesis
Caution while using Artificial Eye
- Never attempt to clean an artificial eye with detergents, disinfectants or alcohol. They will permanently damage the surface of an artificial eye.
- Care should be taken to avoid dropping the eye where it could be chipped, or even lost.
- It can be washed in warm water and rinsed thoroughly.
- If you prefer to remove your eye throughout the night, it is best to store it in a
container of water.
- Storing an eye in this way, will prevent the prosthesis from completely drying out.
- The top of a blind or disfigured eye should always remove it at night to allow the real eye underneath to breathe and prevent shrinkage from oxygen starvation.
Replacing of Artificial Eye
5 to 7 years is considered a good life span of an artificial eye. An artificial eye would generally need replacing because:
- It is no longer a satisfactory fit for the socket
- It no longer matches the real eye
- Wear to the plastic (age-related chemical transitions in the plastic causing irritation, or cracking or crazing or splitting)