List of Political Parties in Gujarat – Everything You Should Know
Gujarat is a small state of India situated along its western borders. This state is famous for its rich culture, heritage buildings and architecture, languages, politics, costumes, foods, faith and beliefs etc. Politics in Gujarat play an important role in the development of states. Political Party means a group of persons who seek to control government through the winning of elections and the holding of public office.
In Gujarat candidates for state office may be chosen through a primary election, state convention, or caucus process. Party leaders and activists are involved in choosing people to run for office, managing and financing campaigns, and developing positions and policies that appeal to party constituents.
Functions of Political Parties
The basic purpose of political parties is to nominate candidates for public office and to get as many of them elected as possible. Once elected, these officials try to achieve the goals of their party through legislation and program initiatives. Political parties perform an important task in government.
- They bring people together to achieve control of the government
- Develop policies favorable to their interests or the groups that support them
- Organize and persuade voters to elect their candidates to office.
These groups work to participate in and influence the government by having its members elected to a government position. In Gujarat Candidates for state office may be chosen through a primary election, state convention, or caucus process.
Roles of Political Parties
- Nominate candidates
- Rally their supporters
- Participate in government
- Act as a bonding agent for their own officeholders
- Act as a watchdog over the other party.
Facts about Gujarat
|Ruling Party||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|Opposition Party||Indian National Congress|
|Chief Minister||Shri Vijaybhai R. Rupani|
|Governor||Om Prakash Kohli|
|Chief Electoral Officer||B. B. Swain (IAS)|
|CEO’s Address||Block No. 7, Second Floor, Sachivalaya, Gandhinagar|
Types of Political Parties in Gujarat
The main purpose of political parties is to join people who hold similar points of view about the government together. There are 4 parties are exists in Gujarat. They are as follows.
- National Parties
- State Parties
- Registered(Unrecognized ) Parties
1. National Parties
At the national convention each of the party formally chooses a national standing committee, elected by the individual state party levels. Following are the main national parties in Gujarat. To qualify as a national party, candidates of a party must get more than 6% of valid votes in the last state assembly or Lok Sabha election held in four or more states and in addition get at least four MPs elected from these states.
- All India Trinamool Congress (AITMC)
- Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP)
- Communist Party of India (CPI)
- Communist Party of India (Marxist)
- Indian National Congress
- Nationalist Congress Party
- Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)
2. State Parties
Every political party must register with Election Commission of India. EC will review the request and provide an election symbol. Below are the several parties in the state level of Gujarat.
- Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) (Liberation) CPI(ML)(L)
- Janata Dal (United) JD(U)
- Lok Jan Shakti Party LJP
- Rashtriya Janata Dal RJD
- Shivsena SHS
- Samajwadi Party SP
- All India Trinamool Congress (AITMC)
3. Registered (Unrecognized) Parties
To become a recognized political party either at the state or national level, a party has to fulfill certain criteria. These parties are registered but unrecognized political parties do not have the privilege of contesting elections on a symbol of their own. They have to choose from a list of ‘free symbols’ issued by the poll panel. Following are the different registered (Unrecognized) parties in Gujarat.
- Akhil Bharatiya Congress Dal (Ambedkar) (ABCD(A))
- Akhil Bharat Hindu Mahasabha (ABHM)
- ABJS Akhil Bharatiya Jan Sangh
- ABMSD Akhil Bharatiya Manav Seva Dal
- ABRRP(P) Akhil Bharatiya Ram Rajya Parishad (Prem Ballabh Vyas)
- ADSP Aadivasi Sena Party
- APP Adarsh Political Party
- BJNKP Bharatiya Jankranti Party
- BJSH Bharatiya Jan Shakti
- GGP Gondvana Gantantra Party
- GYVP Gujarat Yuva Vikas Party
- IJP Indian Justice Party
- JMP Janmangal Paksh
- LKPT Lok Paritran
- LPSP Lokpriya Samaj Party
- LSWP Loktantrik Samajwadi Party
- NLP National Loktantrik Party
- NSCP National Secular Party
- NSMP New Socialist Movement Party
- PRBP Peoples Republican Party
- RKEP Rashtriya Komi Ekta Party
- RPI(A) Republican Party of India (A)
- RPI(KH) Republican Party of India (Khobragade)
- RSDC Rashtriya Sindhi Congress
- SJP(R) Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya)
- SPCP Sardar Patel Congress Party
- VHS Vishva Hindustani Sangathan
An independent or nonpartisan politician is an individual politician not affiliated with any political party. Independents may support policies which are different from those of the major political parties.
1. All India Trinamool Congress (AITMC)
All India Trinamool Congress (AITMC) is a National Party which is founded in January 1998 by Mamata Banerjee. It is popularly known as Trinamool Congress or AITMC. The AITMC is a breakaway faction of the Indian National Congress. It has a centre-left political position with political ideologies of secularism and populism. Aim is to make all round development of India in the political, economic, industrial, social, cultural, agricultural sectors and to establish India as a global power keeping in view the multi-lingual, multi-faceted, multi-ethnic, rich culture and heritage of India.
2. Bahujan Samaj Party
Bahujan Samaj Party is a significant national political party in India. It is popularly known as BSP. It was founded in 1984 by Kanshi Ram, a member of the Dalit community. It is symbolic to the ‘Majority of People’, representing mainly the oppressed sections of the society such as the Scheduled Castes, the Scheduled Tribes, Other Backward Classes as well as religious minorities.
3. Communist Party of India (CPI)
Communist Party of India (CPI) is one strand of the many Indian political parties with a communist ideology. It is the oldest party to have begun the communist movement in India. It was inspired by the Great October Socialist Revolution in Russia in 1917. CPI was founded in Kanpur in December 1925, at the foundation meeting. The founding members were M.N.Roy, Abani Mukherjee, and Evelyn Trent Roy who was M.N. Roy’s wife, Mohammad Ali, Mohammad Siddiqui and others.
4. Communist Party of India (Marxist)
Communist Party of India (Marxist) is a major recognized national political party in India. It is popularly referred to as the CPIM or the CPM. It is a left-wing political party with a Communist political ideology. It was formed in 1964 and CPIM split from the CPI, which was believed to have increasingly become sectarian and revisionist in approach.
5. Indian National Congress
Indian National Congress is the country’s oldest political party. It was founded in 1885 by Allan Octavian Hume, the guidance of British civil servant. It operates on the ideology of Gandhian Socialism and Social Democracy. Today it is one of the two major national political parties, other being the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). The present President of the INC is Indira Gandhi’s daughter-in-law Sonia Gandhi, the wife of Rajiv Gandhi.
6. Nationalist Congress Party
Nationalist Congress Party is Nationalist Party which was founded on 25th May 1999 by Sharad Pawar, P.A. Sangma and Tariq Anwar. NCP is a centre-left political party for upholding the democratic secular society along with equality, social justice and unity in the nation. It believes in eradicating unemployment, starvation, communalism, exploitation from the society.
7. Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)
Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) is one of the prominent parties in India today. In English it means that Indian People’s Party. The BJP was officially formed in 1980, under the political guidance and leadership of two of its most significant leaders, Atal Bihari Vajpayee and L.K. Advani. It is a major political party with a right-wing political position.
Full Details of the National Parties in Gujarat
|National Party||Founder||Date of Establishment||President/ Secretary – General||Head Office||Symbol|
|All India Trinamool Congress (AITC)||Mamata Banerjee||January, 1998||Mamata Banerjee||Kolkata||Twin flowers in grass|
|Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP)||Kanshi Ram||April 14, 1984||Kumari Mayawati||New Delhi||Elephant , which is facing left|
|Communist Party of India (CPI)||M.N.Roy, Abani Mukherjee, Evelyn Trent Roy, Mohammad Ali, Mohammad Siddiqui||December 1925||Sitaram Yechury||New Delhi||Ears of corn and a sickle|
|Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPI (M))||M.N.Roy, Abani Mukherjee, Evelyn Trent Roy, Mohammad Ali, Mohammad Siddiqui||1964||Sitaram Yechury||New Delhi||Hammer and a sickle, intersecting each other|
|Indian National Congress (INC)||Allan Octavian Hume||1885||Sonia Gandhi||New Delhi||Right hand|
|Nationalist Congress Party (NCP)||Sharad Pawar, P.A. Sangma and Tariq Anwar||25th May 1999||Sharad Pawar||New Delhi||Clock that reads 10:10|
|Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)||Atal Bihari Vajpayee and L K Advani||December 1980||Amit Shah||New Delhi||Lotus|
1. Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) (Liberation) (CPI (ML) (L))
Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) (Liberation) is a state level party. Its organization is based on and its internal life is guided by the principle of Democratic Centralism. It is opposed to bureaucracy, liberalism, anarchism, individualism, ultra-democracy and factionalism.
Flag : Red in color and rectangular in size, the ratio of length and breadth being 3:2, with the symbol of hammer and sickle inscribed in white in the middle.
2. Janata Dal (United) (JD (U))
JD (U) Janata Dal (United) is a regional political party in India. It is popularly known as JD(U). Its political position is centre-left operating on the ideologies of Integral humanism, Secularism and Socialism. JD (U) was founded by Sharad Yadav.
3. Lok Jan Shakti Party (LJP)
LJP Lok Jan Shakti Party is a regional political party of India. The party was founded by Indian veteran politician Ram Vilas Paswan, in the year 2000.
4. Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD)
Rashtriya Janata Dal is a political party in India formed by Lalu Prasad Yadav on 5th July, 1997.It is also known as National People’s Party. RJD has believed it would operate on the principles of social justice, social equality and secularism.
5. Shiv Sena
Shiv Sena is a regional political party. It is roughly translated as the ‘Army of Lord Shiva’. Its mass base is primarily in the state of Maharashtra. It was formed on June 19, 1966, by the one-time political cartoonist Balasaheb Thackeray.
6. Samajwadi Party (SP)
Samajwadi Party is a regional political party of India. It is roughly translated as the Socialist Party. SP was formed in October 1992 in Lucknow by the veteran leader and party founder Mulayam Singh Yadav. It is the third-largest political party in the Lok Sabha, after the Congress and the BJP.
Details of State Parties in Gujarat
|State Party||President||Symbol||Head Office|
|Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) (Liberation)||Dipankar Bhattacharya||Three Star Flag||New Delhi|
|Janata Dal||Sharad Yadav||Arrow||New Delhi|
|Lok Jan Shakti Party||Ram Vilas Paswan||Bungalow||New Delhi|
|Rashtriya Janata Dal||Lalu Prasad Yadav||Hurricane lamp||New Delhi|
|Shiv Sena||Udhav Thackeray||Bow and Arrow||Mumbai|
|Samajwadi Party||Mulayam Singh Yadav||Bicycle||New Delhi|
Following table shows the details of the Symbols allotted by the Election Commission in 2017 for Gujarat Parties:-
|Lok Gathbandhan Party||Candles|
|All India Hindustan Congress Party||Tractor Chalata Kisan|
|Bhartiya Tribal Party||Auto Rickshaw|
|Jan Vikas Party Secular||Flute|
|Indian Business Party||Bat|
|Aapni Sarkar Party||Scissors|
|Gujarat Jan Chetna Party||Diamond|
|Bhartiya Samajik Party||Cauliflower|
|Bhartiya Jan Sampark Party||Gas Cylinder|
|Akhil Bhartiya Vikas Congress Party||Telephone|
|Bharatiya Rashtravadi Paksha||Triangle|
|Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Party||Whistle|
|Real Democracy Party||Pen Nib with Seven Rays|
|Hindustan Shakti Sena||Plate containing Food|
|Indian New Congress Party||Truck|
|Navin Bharat Nirman Manch||Boat with Man and Sail|
|Rashtra Mangal Mission Party||Battery Torch|
|Rashtriya Krantikari Samajwadi Party||Letter Box|
|Lok Vikas Manch||Batsman|
|Yuva Jan Jagriti Party||Pendulum|
|Insaniyat Party||Pen Stand|
|Lok Shahi Party (Secular)||Cot|
|Bharatiya Bahujan Congress||Bead Necklace|
|Yuva Party (Democratic)||Binoculars|
|Rashtriya Manav Vikas Party||Pencil Box|
|Mahan Bhartiya Sangathan Party||Chain|
|Akhand Hind Party||Mike|
|Janata Congress||Cup & Saucer|
|Bhartiya Aam Janta Vikas Party||Chimney|
|Jan Satya Path Party||Violin|