Top 10 Largest Mosques In India
India has more than 300,000 active and beautiful mosques. This number is more than any Islamic nation and India has the second largest Muslim population in world. A mosque is a divine place of worship for followers of Islam. There are strict guidelines and restrictions on the uses of the area.
Most of the big mosques have elaborate domes, minarets, and prayer halls. There are perfect examples of Indian – mughal – Persian architecture. Muslims can come together here for salat, education, social welfare, and dispute settlement. Here is the list of Top 10 Largest Mosques In India.
1. Jama Masjid, New Delhi
The Jama Masjidof Delhi is one of the largest mosques in India and the name means World-reflecting Mosque. This is built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan during 1644 – 1656. It was believed to be inaugurated by an imam from Uzbekistan. There are three main great gates, four towers and two 40 m high minarets.
They have used red sandstone and white marble for its construction. More than 25,000 persons can offer prayer at the same time. You can see three huge domes on the terrace and total of 899 black borders on the floor which are marked for worshippers. There were two attacks, one in 2006 and another in 2010.
2. Mecca Masjid, Hyderabad
Mecca Masjid is a famous and one of the oldest mosques in Hyderabad. This is also one of the largest masajids in India which is listed as a heritage building in the old city of Hyderabad. This is near to the Charminar.
This is built with the bricks made from the soil brought from Mecca as per order of Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah, the fifth ruler of the Qutb Shahi dynasty. There are three arched facades and this is said to be carved from a single piece of granite. Nearly five years and more than 8,000 workers needed to build the mosque.
3. Taj-ul-Masajid, Bhopal
Taj-ul-Masajid is one of the largest mosques in Asia, located in Bhopal and the name means “mosques” or “Crown Among Mosques”. This is the largest mosque in India. There are pink facade with two 18-storey high octagonal minarets, huge bulbous domes, attractive pillars, marble flooring, courtyard with a large tank in the centre etc.
There is also double-storeyed gateway, four recessed archways, nine cusped multifold openings etc. The Quibla wall decorated with eleven recessed arches. There are total 27 ceilings in which 16 are decorated with ornate petaled designs. Aalmi Tablighi Ijtima is a famous annual three-day congregation.
4. Jamia Masjid, Srinagar
Jamia Masjid is a well known mosque in Srinagar, Jammu & Kashmir. This was built by sultan Sikandar Shah Kashmiri Shahmiri in 1394 AD. This is a beautiful mosque in which can feel similarities to Buddhist pagodas.
The mosque is constructed in Persian style and located in a historical area. The major renovations in mosque’s history done by Sultan Sikandar, Kashmir Shahmiri, Sultan Hassan Shah, Jehangir Shah, Aurangzeb Aalamgir Shah etc.
5. Bara Imambara, Lucknow
This is well known as imambara complex in Lucknow. It is built by Asaf-ud-Daula, Nawab of Awadh in 1784. The mosque also called Asafi Imambara. Bara means big and this this is made for the purpose of Azadari. It is one among the grandest buildings of Lucknow.
There is an Asfi mosque or the bhul-bhulaiya, a bowli – step well with running water, 2 gateways. The most interesting this is that there are 1024 ways to reach the terrace but only one to come back. This is said to be an accidental architecture. Construction of the Imambara completed in 1791.
6. Chota Imambara, Lucknow
This is also known as Imambara Hussainabad Mubarak. This mosque is located in the city of Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh. This is made as an imambara or a congregation hall for Shia Muslims. The third Nawab of Awadh, Muhammad Ali Shah built this in 1838.
The Panjetan or the holy five can see here as five main doorways. There are two halls and a Shehnasheen. There is a large green and white bordered hall of Azakhana with chandeliers, crystal glass lamp-stands etc. European visitors mentioned this mosque as The Palace of Lights.
7. Jama Masjid, Bhilai
This is one of the largest mosques in Chhattisgarh. This is capable of accommodating 3000 worshippers at a time. This is said to be the first mosque in the world built in shape of the word “Ya Allah”.Construction of the mosque completed in 1967. There is an 80 feet high minar shapes ‘Ya’.
You can see a huge marble dome at the top. Well known architect Khairuddin Ahmad Siddiqui and team from Hyderabad is behind the project. In terms of dimensions, it is 59 feet high, 16 feet high dome, 120 feet long and 100 feet wide. The founding committee Bhilai Nagar Masjid Trust maintains this mosque.
8. Nagina Masjid, Agra
The Nagina Masjid is a well known masjid in Agra Fort. This is built by Shah Jahan and known as the Gem Mosque or the Jewel Mosque. The beautiful Moti Masjid. This mosque is built with pure white marble and a designed prayer chamber.
There are three bays and the arch in the center is bigger with nine cusps. It measures 10.21 meter broad and 7.39 meter deep. One will get panoramic views of the road to Hathi Pol from the balcony of masjid. This is believed to built for the Royal family ladies. The well known Mina Bazar is situated near to this.
9. Jama Masjid, Agra
Jama Masjid is a well known mosque in Agra which is located just opposite of Agra fort and near to Agra Fort Railway Station. This is famous as Jami Masjid or “Friday Mosque” and considered as one among the largest mosques in India. This is built with red sandstone with lots of intricate white marble decorations. There are blue painted walls and ceilings.
The Mosque features flight of 35 steps. You can see engrailed arches supported on pillars, domes with inverted lotus and kalash finials, pattern with white marble and red stone. There is a beautiful fountain with four kiosks. There are beautiful paintings, pillared Dalan, inlaid stones, beautiful ‘Chhajja’ and the ‘Chhatri’ on roof, carvings, glazed tiles etc.
10. Haji Ali Dargah, Mumbai
This is a well known mosque and dargah (tomb) located on the islet off the coast of Worli of Mumbai. This is one of the most recognisable landmarks of Mumbai. You can see perfect combination of Indo-Islamic Architecture. There is a tomb of Sayed Peer Haji Ali Shah Bukhari.
This mosque is located almost 500 meters from the coast, in the middle of Worli Bay. A narrow causeway link the mosque with the city and this is 0.62 mile long. So one can visit the mosque based on the tides as the causeway is not bound by railings. You can go there only during low tide. This is the main highlight of a trip to the shrine.
You can see a marble courtyard with the central shrine. The tomb is covered by brocaded red and green chaddar (cover sheet). There are silver frame, marble pillars, artistic mirror work in blue, green, yellow chips of glass in kaleidoscopic patterns, Arabic patterns shows ninety-nine names of Allah etc.