Top 10 Online Scams Used by Cyber Criminals
Millions of people using internet and this is the most important source of Online Scams Used by Cyber Criminals. Here we are introducing an article about top 10 online scams used by cyber criminals. These online scams are frequently happening, which are done by expert cyber criminals. There are great number of people who became the victims of these frauds. If you are searching for an information about these online scams used by cyber criminal, check out our list. Our list covers the details of these frauds. Read carefully.
1. Credit card fraud
Credit card fraud occurred when consumers give their credit card number to the strangers. This may happen in the case of when cards are stolen or lost, when employees of a business copy the cards/ card numbers of a cardholder, when mail is diverted from the intended recipient and taken by criminals etc. It is also considered as an adjunct to identity theft. The credit card holders have more legal protections when using a credit card than a debit card. You have to check your credit card statements each month to ensure that they’re accurate. Is there any complaint, contact your credit card issuer
2. Internet Auction Fraud
Internet Auction Fraud is regarded as one of the fastest-growing crimes on the Internet, which will happen when you pay for goods that never arrive or buy fake or stolen goods etc. It occurs on Yahoo Auctions, eBay and all other auction sites. Money gram or Western Union are the money transfer services used by Internet auction fraudsters. This is quiet an easy way to get your money without revealing their true identity.
3. Investment Fraud
Investment Fraud is also called as securities fraud or stock fraud, which is often pulled off by a team of people who set up a makeshift office, known as a “boiler room”. This is a deceitful practice in the stock or commodities markets. They will convince you that their company is authentic. They might send you to the fake company’s website, and give you a toll-free number and a respectable address. They set up these very professionally. This is a trap. Many of them understand this, only after losing their money.
4. Email Phishing Scam
Phishing is an activity to get sensitive information like credit card details or usernames, passwords. Email Phishing Scam is commonly done by identity theft criminals and tech-savvy con artists via online. The criminal will send you a deceitful e-mail to steal your identity or personal information. The e-mail will inform you to reply with your bank account number or click on a link in the e-mail to verify your account. If you don’t reply, it may even frighten to disable your account.
5. Telemarketing fraud
Telemarketing fraud is regarded as a pretty simple crime, which is considered as one of the most persuasive deceptions identified by the FTC. Most of the telemarketing fraud’s victims are those who give personal or financial information to unknown callers. An advanced fee scam is generally referred as a common type of telemarketing scam. Some time fraudulent telemarketers calling you for donation in the name of charities.
6. Online Dating & romance Scam
Dating & romance Scam is often carried out through online dating websites. Now a days there are a number of dating apps, social media and websites. The most common victims of this scam are people those who looking for romantic partners. They will pretend to be prospective companions. They may even use email to make contact. ‘catfishing’ is a term widely used for describing these scams. They will create fake online profiles by using the identities of real, trusted people like aid workers or military personnel etc.
7. Nigerian Letter or “419” Fraud
Nigerian scams are generally known as ‘Nigerian 419’. They will provide you a share in a large sum of money on the condition you help them to transfer it out of their country. They may even ask for your bank account details. Do not give a reply, when you receive an e-mail or letter from Nigeria by saying that to send personal or banking data. You need to register a complaint with the Federal Trade Commission’s Complaint Assistant or contact your local FBI office, or the U.S. Postal Inspection Service .
8. Facebook impersonation scam (hijacked profile scam)
Facebook is known as a social media network, which is used by a number of people like business man, college students, teachers etc. They used it for communication. Through which you can check your friends’ activities and updates, but also to chat with them. Most of the companies and businesses depending this social media network to communicate with customers as well as promote their products. Besides, this is right place to attract the unwanted attention of online scammers. So you need to be very careful in protecting your personal online accounts. In order to avoid this, you should set a double authentication method.
9. Lottery scam
Lottery scam is one of the popular type of scam. The criminal will send message or e-mail by saying that, Hello you won Rs. 1000000 lottery. So send your name, age, country name, state name etc. to get this money. For the verification, you need to send Rs. 5000/- in 543xxxxxxxx account number. Besides, they also tell you to inform your account number. The intelligent person knows actual lottery winners don’t get notified by email. But some people will excite and send all these information to them.
10. Fake Antivirus scam
Fake Antivirus scam is another kind of online scam. The criminal create a fake advertisement and saying that, “Virus is found in your computer or phone. click here to remove it”. Then you will be redirected to some malware site only after click on that advertisement. In order to this some dangerous file will start downloading, which will lock your personal information, PC or mobiles. In such cases, they will ask you to pay $1000 to unlock your data. So do not click on pop-up windows.