Here is the list of Top 10 Temples in Uttar Pradesh. We often worship in temples without knowing much about the significance of each of them. But it is important to acquaint ourselves with the mythology behind a temple, its significance and stories that relate to it. That would make our worship more meaningful. The temple is also a place where one can transcend the world of man. It is designed to dissolve the boundaries between man and the divine.
Uttar Pradesh is the state with highest population in India. There are several sacred sites and beautiful temples. Many devotees from all around the world came here for blessing. It is dedicated to religious or spiritual activities including prayer, meditation, sacrifice and worship.
1. Ayodhya Ram Janmabhoomi Temple
Ram Janmabhoomi Temple is located in the town of Ayodhya whcich is 8 km from Faizabad in Uttar Pradesh. It is one of the most famous pilgrimage sites in India. This famous temple is situated on the banks of Sarayu River. People believe that bathing from this river is supposed to destroy even the sin of killing a Brahmin.
Ayodhya is regarded among Hindus as the birthplace of Lord Rama. Rama is the seventh incarnation of Lord Vishnu. During the ancient times Ayodhya was known as Kosaldesa.
In the compound of Ram Janmabhoomi Temple there is a Babri Mosque, which was constructed in the 15th century by the Moghuls. The mosque was destroyed in 1992, and at the present time there are plans to build a grand Rama Temple here. Yet minor Hindu-Muslim clashes were reported. In 1992, Babri Masjid was demolished.
2. Banke Bihari Temple in Vrindavan
Banke Bihari Temple is one of the holiest and famous temples in India. It is located in the Vrindavan in the Mathura district of Uttar Pradesh. Bankey means Bent at three places and Bihari means Supreme enjoyer.
This temple is dedicated to Lord Krishna. Previously Banke Bihariji was worshiped alone in this temple. Later, the deity of Radha Rani was added to the temple. Devotees from all over the world came here to feels an eternal bliss and calm and forget all misery.
This temple was constructed in 1864 by Swami Haridas of the Nimbarka Sampradaya. The temple is an architectural beauty in itself and follows the contemporary Rajasthani style. It is thronged by thousands of visitor’s every day.
3. Baldev Dauji Temple, Mathura
Baldev Dauji Temple is one of the most significant pilgrimage destinations of Uttar Pradesh. This temple is situated approx 18 km southeast of Mathura in Uttar Pradesh.
There is a huge square tank adjoining to the temple known as Kshirsagar (sea of milk) Kund or Balbhadra Kund.
According to the Hindu mythological legends, Lord Balarama is the elder sibling of Lord Krishna. Devotees came to this holy shrine, in search of peace and tranquility. The Lord Baladev idol at this temple is of the color black in the standing posture.
The right hand is in raised position and a cup full of a drink which is called Varuni is placed in the left hand. This 2 meter idol is considered as the biggest in Braja Mandal. It shows the sheer magnificence. People arriving at the temple wish to catch a glimpse of the idol. Devi Revati is also worshiped there. Revati is the consort of Lord Blarama. There is a life-sized statue of the Devi, situated at an adjacent spot within the temple compound.
4. Sarnath Temple
Sarnath Temple is one of the most ancient and sacred Buddhist pilgrimage site in India. This temple is at a distance of only 10-km from the famous Hindu pilgrimage Varanasi in UttarPradesh.
It is believed that after attaining the Enlightenment at Bodh Gaya, it was here that Lord Buddha preached his first sermon. This event in Buddhist literatures is known as Dharma-Chakra-Parvartana. Sarnath in Varanasi is one of the holiest sites that attracts the peoples from all over the world.
Siddhartha Gautama is the founder of Buddhism. Buddhism encourages its people to avoid self-indulgence but also self-denial. Dhamekha Stupa is the most impressive structure in Sarnath.
5. Kashi Vishwanath Temple in Varanasi
Kashi Vishwanath Temple is the most holy temple of Hindus. This temple is situated in the Kashi or Varanasi, the greatest pilgrimage between earth and heaven. The famous shrine is dedicated to Lord Shiva. It is located almost 5 km away from the Varanasi.
This temple is also known as Golden Temple. The gold used to cover the two domes of the temple was donated by the Punjab Kesari, the Sikh Maharaja Ranjit Singh, who ruled the Punjab. 800 kg of gold were used for plating on the towers of this temple.
Devotees from all over the world visit this prime place of pilgrimage. The Temple has been visited by all great saints- Adi Shankaracharya, Ramkrishna Paramhansa, Swami Vivekanand, Goswami Tulsidas, Maharshi Dayanand Saraswati, Gurunanak and several other spiritual personalities.
6. Dwarkadheesh Mandir in Mathura
One of the ancient and most famous Dwarkadheesh Mandir is situated in the heart of the town, Madura. It is located in the East part of Madhura in Uttar Pradesh.
Mathura is the birth place of Lord Krishna. Tourists from far and wide places come here to breathe that air which still contains the aroma of the deity. This Hindu shrine was erected by Seth Gokul Das Parikh in 1814. He is a wealthy devotee and a Treasurer of the State of Gwalior.
We can find great function of artwork, the interiors from the temple. That is the images with the Lord Krishna, his beloved Radha along with other Hindu deities. The temple carving and paintings are major points of interest.
7. Sankat Mochan Hanuman Temple in Varanasi
Sankat Mochan Hanuman Temple is one of the famous sacred Hindu shrines in India. It is located in the prime place of pilgrimage, Varanasi.
This temple is dedicated to Lord Hanuman. Lord Hanuman is one of the key deities of Hinduism. He is an Avatar of Lord Shiva, who is widely revered by Hindus everywhere. It is the only one in the world which has the idol of Lord Hanuman facing that of Lord Ram. During the Hanuman Jayanthi this temple has a number of devotees.
It is one of the most significant Hanuman temples in the world which is visited by millions of Hindus every year. People apply Sindoor on the statue of Lord Hanuman and offer Laddoos in the offering.
8. Bharat Mata Temple
One of the most famous and unique Hindu Shrine Bharat Mata Temple is located in Varanasi. It is located within the Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapeeth campus. It is a unique temple dedicated to Mother India (Bharat Mata). Nowhere else a temple dedicated to the motherland.
She is worshiped by all Indians irrespective of their caste, creed or color. Bharat Mata Temple does not have a statue of Bharat Mata. This temple is constructed by Babu Shiv Prasad Gupta and Shri Durga Prasad Khatri in 1936, which was inaugurated by Our Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi.
9. Kalyani Devi Temple
Kalyani Devi Temple is one of the famous Hindu temples in Allahabad. This temple is known as Mahashakti Siddhpeeth. The temple is dedicated to Goddess Kalyani Devi. Kalyani is the unlikely name of Goddess Mahashakti. It is believed that Shakti’s fingers were believed to have fallen here.
The sacred idol of goddess Kalyani Durga is established in this temple so it is calls as one of the important place. The Chaitra Navaratri and Ashwin Navaratri are the 2 significant festivals that are celebrated in here in the month of March and October respectively. So a number of peoples from all over the world come in this time.
10. Sri Katyayani Peeth Temple Vrindavan
Sri Katyayani Peeth Temple is located at Vrindavan in Uttar Pradesh. It is one of the 51 Shakti Peeths of India. Vrindavan is an important Hindu pilgrimage site.
Katyayani is the sixth form amongst Navadurga and nine forms of Hindu goddess Parvati (Shakti). There are five separate deities of the five sects or sampradayas are worshipped. They are Shakt, Shaiv, Vaishnav, Ganapataya and Saurya. In addition to these five principal deities, Jagatdhatri Devi is also worshiped.
On a daily basis Durga Shaptsati (Chandi Paath) is also chanted by priests. The 5th day of Navrati is to be the day of arrival of Devi Katyayani.The Gopis of Vrindavan worshiped the Goddess Katyayani on the banks of the Yamuna.